Even if you’ve come to Morocco for mountaineering or trekking, you should not leave without visiting a true Moroccan city. And if you only have time for one, Marrakesh is arguably the best choice. It combines all the essential ingredients: a medina (old city) with fabulous buildings, an exciting souk (marketplace), pleasant gardens, beautiful mosques and the main square, which is the most famous one of its kind in the whole country. It is crowded and sometimes even chaotic, but, strangely enough, also has a calm ambiance, which makes it a really enjoyable place to stay.
Marrakesh is the fourth largest city in Morocco after Casablanca, Fez, and Tangier. It is one of the „royal cities” of Morocco, that is, one of the four former imperial capitals. It is often called „the red pearl of Morocco” or the „red city”, referring to the 8-mile long red city wall surrounding it.
The city was founded in 1062, and soon became a flourishing center of trade, culture, and religion. It served as the capital of Morocco for much of its history, only rivaled by Fez, until finally Rabat was established as the capital of modern Morocco.